Today in History: 21st November – A Journey Through Time

today in History

Greetings, history enthusiasts! It’s 21st November, and I’m Laila, ready to take you on an intriguing journey through time. In this Article, we’ll be exploring the keyword ‘Today in History,’ uncovering remarkable events, stories, and facts that have shaped the world we live in today.

Year Event
164 BC Judas Maccabeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
235 Pope Anterus succeeds Pontian as the nineteenth pope. During the persecutions of emperor Maximinus Thrax he is martyred.
1009 Lý Công Uẩn is enthroned as emperor of Đại Cồ Việt, founding the Lý dynasty.
1386 Timur of Samarkand captures and sacks the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, taking King Bagrat V of Georgia captive.
1620 Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, O.S.)
1676 The Danish astronomer Ole Rømer presents the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light.
1783 In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d’Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
1789 North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
1832 Wabash College is founded in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
1861 American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin Secretary of War.
1877 Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
1894 Port Arthur, China falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War; Japanese troops are accused of massacring the remaining inhabitants.
1902 The Philadelphia Football Athletics defeated the Kanaweola Athletic Club of Elmira, New York, 39-0, in the first ever professional American football night game.
1905 Albert Einstein’s paper that leads to the mass-energy equivalence formula, E = mc², is published in the journal Annalen der Physik.
1910 Sailors on board Brazil’s warships including the Minas Geraes, São Paulo, and Bahia, violently rebel in what is now known as the Revolta da Chibata (Revolt of the Lash).
1916 Mines from SM U-73 sink the HMHS Britannic, the largest ship lost in the First World War.
1918 The Flag of Estonia, previously used by pro-independence activists, is formally adopted as the national flag of the Republic of Estonia.
1918 A pogrom takes place in Lwów (now Lviv); over three days, at least 50 Jews and 270 Ukrainian Christians are killed by Poles.
1920 Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as “Bloody Sunday”.
1922 Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
1927 Columbine Mine massacre: Striking coal miners are allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
1942 The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway is not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
1945 The United Auto Workers strike 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.
1950 Two Canadian National Railway trains collide in northeastern British Columbia in the Canoe River train crash; the death toll is 21, with 17 of them Canadian troops bound for Korea.
1953 The Natural History Museum, London announces that the “Piltdown Man” skull, initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, is a hoax.
1959 American disc jockey Alan Freed, who had popularized the term “rock and roll” and music of that style, is fired from WABC-AM radio over allegations he had participated in the payola scandal.
1961 The “La Ronde” opens in Honolulu, first revolving restaurant in the United States.
1962 The Chinese People’s Liberation Army declares a unilateral ceasefire in the Sino-Indian War.
1964 The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens to traffic. At the time it is the world’s longest bridge span.
1964 Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church’s ecumenical council closes.
1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
1969 U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. The U.S. retains rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
1969 The first permanent ARPANET link is established between UCLA and SRI.
1970 Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast: A joint United States Air Force and Army team raids the Sơn Tây prisoner-of-war camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
1971 Indian troops, partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas), defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
1972 Voters in South Korea overwhelmingly approve a new constitution, giving legitimacy to Park Chung-hee and the Fourth Republic.
1974 The Birmingham pub bombings kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six are sentenced to life in prison for the crime but subsequently acquitted.
1977 Minister of Internal Affairs Allan Highet announces that the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem “God Save the Queen” and “God Defend New Zealand”.
1979 The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, is attacked by a mob and set on fire, killing four.
1980 A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Paradise, Nevada (now Bally’s Las Vegas). Eighty-seven people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
1985 United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying after being caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations. He is subsequently sentenced to life in prison.
1986 National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents allegedly implicating them in the Iran-Contra affair.
1992 A major tornado strikes the Houston, Texas area during the afternoon. Over the next two days the largest tornado outbreak ever to occur in the US during November spawns over 100 tornadoes.
1995 The Dayton Agreement is initialed at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1996 Humberto Vidal explosion: Thirty-three people die when a Humberto Vidal shoe shop explodes.
2002 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
2004 The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, giving rise to massive protests and controversy over the election’s integrity.
2004 Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island sustains the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth. In neighboring Guadeloupe, one person is killed.
2004 The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq’s external debt.
2006 Anti-Syrian Lebanese politician and government minister Pierre Gemayel is assassinated in suburban Beirut.
2009 A mine explosion in Heilongjiang, China kills 108.
2012 At least 28 are wounded after a bomb is thrown onto a bus in Tel Aviv.
2013 The first of to become massive protests start in Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovych suspended signing the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement.
2014 A stampede in Kwekwe, Zimbabwe caused by the police firing tear gas kills at least eleven people and injures 40 others.
2015 The government of Belgium imposed a security lockdown on Brussels, including the closure of shops, schools, public transportation, due to potential terrorist attacks.

As you’ve seen, history is a treasure trove of fascinating tales and significant moments. Whether it’s a scientific breakthrough, a political milestone, a cultural revelation, or a gripping story of human resilience, ‘Today in History’ brings to light the events that have left an indelible mark on our world.

Before we wrap up this historical journey, let’s reflect on the importance of understanding the past. History isn’t just a subject for textbooks; it’s a source of inspiration, knowledge, and wisdom. By studying the triumphs and trials of those who came before us, we gain a deeper appreciation for the present and a better sense of direction for the future.

So, as we bid adieu to our excursion through time on 21st November, remember that history is alive, and its lessons are eternally relevant. Stay curious, keep exploring, and let the past be your guide to a brighter future.

Don’t forget to check back for more captivating ‘Today in History’ posts on this blog. The past is an open book, waiting for you to turn its pages and discover its many secrets. Until next time, happy time traveling!

Laila is a seasoned content writer at USInsightNews, renowned for her captivating storytelling and incisive analysis. Outside of her professional endeavors, Laila can be found exploring new literary works, immersing herself in nature, and advocating for the power of education in empowering communities.

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